Australia: The Land Where Time Began

A biography of the Australian continent 

Nitre Bush  Family: Zygophyllaceae, (also called Dillon)

The distribution of this plant is an an enigma. The genius occurs in a band across North Africa, which connects, via Arbia, to a band across central Eurasia. Its only Southern Hemisphere occurrence is in Australia, in a band from western parts of the eastern states to the south coast and across to the West Australian coast.

Australia's nitre bush, or dillon, Nitraria billardieri, is a long-lived perennial, growing to a height of  0.5 to 2 m. It grows on usually saline clays, loams and sands. It is an opportunistic plant, taking advantage of areas of overgrazes chenopod shrubland. This has allowed it to spread along all the major stock routes across arid southern Australia. In very arid areas it stabilises dunes, providing feed for domestic stock in droughts.

In Western Australia is it restricted to coastal habitats and off-shore islands. It grows up tot he Great Divide in the southern half of Australia. It grows in the area around Lake Eyre and on the Riverine Plain in New South Wales.  

Sources & Further reading

Mary E White, After the Greening, The Browning of Australia, Kangaroo Press, 1994

 
Australia's Fossil Pollen Record

Allelopathy
Angiosperms
Angiospermy
Aridification
Biological Duricrust
Botanical History
Chenopod Shrublands
Devonian Flora
Dicroidium Flora
Ecosystems
Giant Clubmoss Flora
Ice Age Biotas
Miocene Flora
Mulga Woodland
Nitre Bush
Nothofagus
Rainforest
Rainforest-Cape York Peninsula
Saltbush
Simpson Desert Flora
Spinifex Grasslands
Wollemi Pine
Relect Jurrasic Forest
Rhacopteris Flora
Talbragar Fish Bed Flora
The Great Journey North
The absence of succulents from Australia
Fossil Tea-trees - Victoria
Floras of Ancient Australia
Home
Journey Back Through Time
Geology
Biology
     Fauna
     Flora
Climate
Hydrology
Environment
Experience Australia
Aboriginal Australia
National Parks
Photo Galleries
Site Map
                                                                                           Author: M.H.Monroe  Email: admin@austhrutime.com     Sources & Further reading