Australia: The Land Where Time Began

A biography of the Australian continent 

Dalhousie Springs

This a complex of active mound springs lying 250 km of Lake Eyre. Over an are of about 70 km2 there are 80 active springs. Together they account for 43 % of the natural outflow from the Great Artesian Basin. Dalhousie Springs proper has large pools of warm water up to 10 m deep and 50 m long.


The surrounding thick vegetation comprises about 100 species of terrestrial and semi-aquatic species. Among them are Tea-tree, Melaleuca glomerata, a reed, Phragmites australis and a bulrush, Typha domingensis. The only plant endemic to the spring is native tobacco Nicotiana burbidgeae.


Among the fauna are many endemic species. Three of the 6 fish species are unique to this location. All 3 are undescribed species, the Dalhousie Catfish Neosilurus sp, The Dalhouseie Hardyhead Cratocephalus dalhousiensis and the Dalhousie Goby Chlamydogobius sp. Some species of small crustaceans, a frog and a yabby may be endemic.

To have the number of endemic species it has it must have been isolated for a very long time. It is situated in the catchment of the Finke River, but it is about 10,000 years since surface water from the Finke was present here.

Sources & Further reading 

Mary E White, Running Down, Water in a Changing Land, Kangaroo Press, 2000



Journey Back Through Time
Experience Australia
Aboriginal Australia
National Parks
Photo Galleries
Site Map
                                                                                           Author: M.H.Monroe  Email:     Sources & Further reading