Australia: The Land Where Time Began

A biography of the Australian continent 


8.2 ka Event - Timing & Structure inferred from Δ18O Records of Stalagmites from China, Oman, and Brazil
Abnormal Upwelling and Concentration of Chlorophyll-a off South Vietnam in August 2007
Abyssal Ocean Warming and Salinification Following Weddell Polynyas in GDFL CM2G Coupled Climate Models
Antarctic Bottom Water in the Eastern Weddell Gyre – Remotely induced Warming
Antarctic Bottom Water Produced by intense formation of Sea-Ice in the Cape Darnley Polynya
Antarctic Bottom Water - Freshening and Warming 1980s-2000s
Antarctic Intermediate Water - Role of Mesoscale Eddies in Ventilation
Antarctic Krill – Their Importance in Biogeochemical Cycles
East Antarctica - Relative Sea-Level Rise During Oligocene Glaciation
Abyssal Water Circulation
Antarctica – Changing Icescapes
Antarctic Circumpolar Current
Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) and Future Changes Under Warming Scenarios – Representation in CMIP5 Climate Models
Antarctic Circumpolar Current Transport Across Kerguelen Plateau – Direct Observations
Antarctic Circumpolar Current Transport on the Northern Flank of the Kerguelen Plateau - Direct Observations
Antarctica - Persistent Wind Scour influence on Surface Mass Balance
Antarctic Sea Ice Expansion - Important role of Ocean Warming and Increased Ice-Shelf Melt
The West Antarctic Ice Shelf warming from beneath
West Antarctica - Recent Changes in Climate and Ice Sheet Compared to the Past 2000 Years
Antarctica – Thwaites Glacier Basin, West Antarctica, Marine Ice Sheet Collapse Potentially Underway
Aptian Mystery Solved – Ontong Java Plateau Eruption Suggested to Have Promoted Climate Change and Ocean Anoxia Expansion
Arctic Methane
Arctic Ocean Giant Caldera – Evidence of the Catastrophic Event
Arctic Ocean - Gakkel Ridge, Discovery of Abundant Hydrothermal Venting on the Ultra-slow Spreading Ridge
Arctic Sea Ice Incredibly Thin Shocks Researchers
Asian Connections
Atlantic Ocean
Terrestrial Carbon Cycle - Fingerprints of Changes in Response to Large Ocean Circulation Reorganisation
Atlantic Ocean CO2 uptake reduced by weakening meridional overturning circulation (AMOC)
Atlantic Ocean - Northeast Circulation Impacted by Mesoscale Polar Storms
The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) - Driving Processes
Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) Currently Weakest in Last Millennium
Atlantic Ocean Overturning Circulation – Observed Fingerprint of a Weakening
Atlantic Ocean - Multiple Causes for Equatorial Surface Interannual Temperature Variability
Atlantic ocean - Tropical Warm Events
Atlantic Overturning Circulation and Labrador Sea Convection Affected by Recent Increases in the Influx of Arctic Freshwater  
Atlantic Overturning Circulation – Recent Slowing as a Recovery from Earlier Strengthening
Atlantic Overturning Estimates at 25oN – Impacts of Atmospheric Reanalysis Uncertainty
Atmospheric Rivers in Proximity to Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclones in October, 2010 – the Development and Evolution of 2 Atmospheric Rivers
Dansgaard-Oeschger Events – Global Atmospheric Teleconnections During Such Events
East Siberian Arctic Shelf Waters Acidification by Freshwater Addition and Terrestrial Carbon
Marine Carbon Sequestration – Substantial Role of Macroalgae
North Atlantic Millennial-Scale Climate Variability - A 0.5 My Record
North Atlantic, Largest Freshening Event for 120 Years Caused by Ocean Circulation in Eastern Subpolar Waters
Microbial Carbon Turnover - High Rates in Sediments in Deepest Oceanic Trench
Ningaloo Niño – Decadal Increase Since the Late 1990s
Ningaloo Niño Related to a Rainfall Predictability Interdecadal Regime Shift in the 1990s
North Atlantic Climate During the Last Glacial Period - Links with Tropical Rainfall
North Atlantic Forcing of Amazonian Precipitation During the Last Ice Age
North Atlantic Stadials Linked to Failure of the Deglacial Indian Monsoon by Surface Cooling in the Indian Ocean
Latest Palaeocene Thermal Maximum – Mammalian Community response, An Isotaphonomic Study in the Northern Bighorn Basin, Wyoming
North Pacific Ocean – Wind vs Eddy-Forced Regional Sea Level Trends and Variability
Oceanic Anoxic Event 2 - Lithium Isotope Evidence of Enhanced Weathering
Ocean Dissolved Organic Matter
Ocean-Warming hotspot - Geographic Range Shifts Explained by Species Traits and Climate Velocity
Subsurface Barrier Layer Thickness
Variability of the Barrier Layer in the Tropical Indian Ocean and Relationship with Indian Ocean Dipole as determined from Argo profiles
Organic Carbon Moved from the Ocean Surface to Depth by Daily Vertical Migration of Small Marine Animals
Bedout High
Bottom Water Export from Western Ross Sea, 2007-2010
Capricorn Eddy – A Driver Prominent in the Ecology and Future of the Southern Great Barrier Reef (GBR)
Carbon Cycle - A hump in Ocean-Air Exchange
Carbon Dioxide – Continental shelves as a Variable Though Increasing Sink for Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Fluxes from Land to Ocean - Anthropic Perturbations
Climate - The Atlantic Ocean
Climate - The Pacific Ocean
Climate Change - The Atlantic Ocean
Climate Change Science – Rising Sea Levels
Climate Controls of the Present in the Southwest Pacific
Climate Feedback
Continental Shelf, Slope and Rise
Climate Variability - Natural Modes

The Cryogenian

The Cryosphere - Biosphere Interactions
The Cryosphere - The Geography of Snow and Ice on Earth

The Cryosphere - Glaciers & Ice Sheets

The Cryosphere - Albedo of Snow and Ice
The Cryosphere - Interaction between Ocean and Ice 
The Cryosphere - Influence on Circulation of the Atmosphere
The Cryosphere - Effects on the Hydrological Cycle
The Cryosphere - As a Latent Energy Buffer
The Cryosphere - Permafrost
Deep-sea CaCo3 sedimentation - Response to Shutdown of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation
Early Holocene Ice-Sheet Decay, Rising Sea Level and Abrupt Climate Change
East Antarctic Ice Shelf – Meltwater Produced by Interaction between wind and albedo stored in the East Antarctic Ice Sheet
East Australian Current and its eddies – Recent Freshening
The Ekman Response - Ekman Transport
El Niño – Amplification by Cloud Long-Wave Coupling to Circulation of the Atmosphere
El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Dominates Coastal Vulnerability Across the Pacific
El Niño/Southern Oscillation Influence on tornado and hail frequency in the United States
End-Triassic Mass Extinction – Marine Anoxia During the End Triassic Indicated by an Enormous Sulphur Excursion
Glacial-Interglacial Bottom Water Oxygen Content Changes on the Portuguese Margin
Global Thermohaline Circulation
Global Ocean Climate Change
Global mid-ocean ridge system
Global Tidal Impacts Resulting from Large-Scale Ice Sheet Collapses
Greenland-Iceland-Faroe Complex
Greenland Meltwater Emerging Impact on the Formation of Deepwater in the North Atlantic
Greenland – Oceanic Transport of Surface Meltwater from the Southern Greenland Ice Sheet
Heinrich Events, Massive Detritus Layers from the Late Pleistocene in the North Atlantic -Their Global Climate Imprint
Holocene Palaeoceanography, Bay of Biscay, Evidence of west-east links in the North Atlantic from dynocyst data
Southwest Labrador Sea off Newfoundland, Oceanographic changes in the Holocene
Lanai Tsunami Impact About 105 Ka? Catastrophic Wave Erosion, Southeast Coast, Australia
Mid-late Holocene Variability of sea level in Eastern Australia
Hypoxia by degrees - Establishing Definitions for Oceans that are Changing
Iapetus Ocean
India Moving North
Indo-Pacific Warm Pool - Oscillation in its Southern Extent During the Middle Holocene
Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean Dipole
Indian Ocean Dipole - Impact on the Equatorial Indian Ocean Salinity Budget  
Indian Ocean Dipole – Relation of Deep Meridional Overturning Circulation in the Indian Ocean  
Indo-Australian Plate
Indonesian Throughflow, ITF
The global mid-ocean ridge system
During the Transition from the Last Interglacial to the Last Glacial Air-Sea Decoupling Occurred in Western Europe
The Main Oceans in Order of Size
Lomagundi-Jatuli Event – Followed by Oxygenated Oceans in the Palaeoproterozoic
Neoarchaean Sulphate Concentrations in Seawater from Sulphur Isotopes in Massive Sulphide Ores
Newell's Hypothesis
Ocean Arcs – Generation of Continental Crust
Ocean Basins
Ocean Bottom Water Boundary Layer
Ocean - Coast, Shore & Beach
Oceans and the Climate
Oceanic Crust-Origins
Ocean Floor Sediment
Ocean Bottom sinking as a Result of Increasing Mass of Extra Water in the Ocean from Melting Ice Sheets and Glaciers
Oceanic Fracture Zones
Oceanic Ice Shelf Melting – the Effect of Basal Channels
Ocean Trenches - Plate tectonics
Oceanic Convection Chimneys
Oxygen and Aerobic communities from the Sea Floor to Basement in Deep Sea Sediments
Oxygen Decline Accelerated in the Tropical Pacific over the Past Decades by Aerosol Pollutants
Pacific Ocean Tropical Western Pacific - A 4 Ma record of Thermal Evolution - Implications for Climate Change
Tropical Western Pacific - A 4 Ma record of Thermal Evolution - Implications for Climate Change
Palaeocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum – 2 Massive Carbon Releases During the Onset of the PETM
Panthalassic Ocean
Permian-Triassic Superanoxic Event - The Preference of Photic Zone Euxinia
Photic Zone Euxinia - Their role in Exceptional Preservation of Fossils Revealed by Biomarkers: An Organic Chemical Perspective
Pine Island Glacier Ice Shelf Melt Distributed at Kilometre Scale
Antarctica - Pine Island Bay, West Antarctica – Ice Cavity Water Export
Plate Tectonics
Polar Front Around the Kerguelen Islands – Up-to-Date Determination and Associated Circulation of Surface-Subsurface Waters
Polynyas in the Open Ocean and Southern Ocean Deep Convection
Precambrian-Cambrian Boundary Geology, South Australia - Ocean Basin formation, Seawater Chemistry & Organic Evolution
Recycled Selenium Records Ocean-Atmosphere Oxygenation in Lavas Influenced by Hot Spots
Seafloor Features
Seasonal extremes over Australia - Influence of Climate Variability

Severe Selenium depletion in the Oceans of the Phanerozoic as a Factor in 3 Global Mass Extinction Events

South Pacific Subtropical Decade-Long Warming Detected
Pliocene Sea Surfaces Temperatures High in Tropical Warm Pools
Southern Annular Mode - or Antarctic Oscillation
Southern Hemisphere Hadley Cell, Expansion in Response to Forcing by Greenhouse Gas
Southern Ocean
Southern Ocean – Buoyancy Forcing of Ocean Ventilation and Glacial Atmospheric CO2
Southern Ocean CO2 Sink Saturation Due to Recent Climate Change
Southern Ocean - Eddies Imprint on Winds, Clouds and Rainfall
Southern Ocean – Factors that Affect the Occurrence in the Atmosphere, and Deposition of, Polychlorinated Biphenyls (BCPs)
Southern Ocean Mixed Layer Depths – Assessment in CMIP5 Models: Historical Bias and Response to Forcing
Southern Ocean Overturn Upper Branch – Water-Mass transformation by Sea Ice
Southern Ocean - Routs of Energy Dissipation for Geostrophic Flows
Southern Ocean - Recent Ventilation Changes
Southern Ocean - Shifting Westerlies
Southern Ocean has been slowing Global Warming by Absorbing Carbon, But that Could Change
Southern Ocean – Rates and Mechanisms of Turbulent Dissipation and Mixing – the Diapycnal and Isopycnal Mixing Experiment (DIMES)
Southern Ocean – Variability of Eddy-Induced Abyssal Mixing on Climatic Timescales
Southern Ocean - Upwelling Driven by Wind and the Rise of Atmospheric CO2 During Deglaciation
Southern Ocean Warming Delayed by Circumpolar Upwelling and Equatorwards Transport
The Southern Ocean has been slowing Global Warming by Absorbing Carbon, But that Could Change
South Pacific Gyre “Spin-Up” Extending Understanding by Modelling the East Australian Current in a Future Climate
The Southwestern Indian Ridge - Continuous exhumation of rocks derived from the Mantle for 11 My
Subduction Zones
Subduction Zones - Variation of Characteristics
Submarine Canyons
Submarine gateways and waterfalls
Tasman Sea Climate Change Projection from an Eddy-Resolving Ocean Model
Tethys Ocean
Tethys Ocean Food Chains
Tethys Ocean Productivity & Recycling
Tethys Ocean Stirring
Tethys Ocean Explanation of low oxygen levels
Tethys Ocean Global change and ocean circulation
Tethys Ocean and Flooding of the Continents when Sea Levels were High
Tethys Ocean life- old and new in a greenhouse world
Tethys Ocean Recycling and mountain uplift
Tethys Ocean - Black smokers, tube worms and deep-sea metals
Tethys Ocean Fish
Tethys Ocean Belt of Ophiolites
Totten Ice Shelf – Rapid Basal Melt Driven by Ocean Heat
Totten Glacier, East Antarctica - Ocean Access to a Cavity Beneath it
Wyrtki Jets in the Autumn - Impact of Tropical Cyclones on Intensity and Phase Propagation
Wyrtki Jets - Impact of IOD & ENSO Wind-Forcing
Wyrtki Jet Dynamics - Seasonal Variability
Author: M. H. Monroe
Last Updated 05



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