Australia: The Land Where Time Began

A biography of the Australian continent 

List of Occupation Sites in Australia - Chronological - Earliest date for sites, some                                                        estimated                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

 

  1. 61,000    Malakunanja II, Arnhem Land, NT
  2. 60,000    Nauwalabila 1, Arnhem Land, NT
  3. 40,000    Carpenter's Gap Rock Shelter 1, the Kimberley, WA
  4. 40,000    Beginner's Luck Cave, Tasmania
  5. 40,000    Lake Mungo 3, western NSW
  6. 38,000    Nurrabullgin Cave, Cape York Peninsula, Queensland
  7. 35,000    Warreen Cave, southwest Tasmania
  8. 35,000    Nawarla Gabarnmang Rock Shelter, Arnhem Land, NT
  9. 34,000    Parmerpar Meethaner Cave, Tasmania
  10. 33,000    Cuddie Springs, near Carinda, New South Wales.
  11. 33,000    Devil's Lair Far southwest of Western Australia
  12. 32,000    Puritjarra Rock Shelter, near Cleland Hills, Western Desert, NT.
  13. 32,000    Sandy Creek Shelter I, Cape York Peninsula 1
  14. 30,000    Colless Creek Rock Shelter, Barkly Tableland, northwest Queenslans.
  15. 30,000    Acheron Cave - Palewardia Walana Lanala Tasmania
  16. 30,000    Nunamira Cave (Bluff Cave), southwestern Tasmania See
  17. 30,000    Pallawa Trounta, southwest Tasmania
  18. 30,000    Bone Cave, southwestern Tasmania
  19. 30,000    Rock Shelter ORS 7
  20. 29,000    Riwi Cave, the Kimberley, WA (Believed to be about 40,000 BP)
  21. 28,000    Widgingarry 1 & 2, the Kimberley, WA.
  22. 26,000    Fern Cave, Cape York Peninsula, Queensland.
  23. 24,000    Koonalda Cave, Nullarbor Plain, South Australia
  24. 23,500    Serpent's Glen Rockshelter, Western Desert
  25. 23,000    Malangangerr, East Alligator River, Kakadu National Park, NT
  26. 22,759    Cave Bay Cave, Tasmania.
  27. 22,000    Puritjarra Rock Shelter, near Cleland Hills, WA
  28. 22,000    Allen's Cave, Nullarbor Plain, South Australia.
  29. 21,900    New Guinea 2 Cave, Snowy River Gorge
  30. 20,000    Mount Gambier Caves, South Australia (estimated more than 20,000)
  31. 20,000    Kutikina Cave, southwestern Tasmania
  32. 20,000    Willandra Footprints, New South Wales
  33. 19,800    Spring Creek Site, New South Wales.
  34. 19,000    Silver Dollar Site, Shark Bay, WA
  35. 18,500    Gum Tree Valley Top, WA
  36. 18,500    Roonka Flat, Murray River Valley, South Australia
  37. 18,000    Miriwun Shelter, east Kimberley, WA
  38. 18,000    Early Man Shelter, Cape York Peninsula, Queensland
  39. 18,000    Walkunder Arch Cave, Cape York Peninsula, Queensland
  40. 17,200    Maneena Langatick Tattania Emita site, Nelson River Valley, Tasmania
  41. 17,000    Kutikina Cave, southwestern Tasmania
  42. 17,000    Cloggs's Cave, Victoria
  43. 16,000    Kenniff Cave, Carnarvon National Park, Queensland
  44. 16,000    Seton Site - Limestone cave on Kangaroo Island
  45. 14,000    Bullawinne Site, Maxwell River Valley, Tasmania
  46. 12,000    Nanwoon Cave, Tasmania
  47. 12,000    Wargata Mina Cave, southwest Tasmania
  48. 10,000    Warragarra Shelter, Tasmania
  49.   7,000    Ingaladdi Rock Shelter, NT. (Probably from the Pleistocene).
  50.   7,000    Nawamoyn, NT.
  51.   7,000    Rocky Cape South Cave, Tasmania
  52.   5,500    Rocky Cape North Cave, Tasmania
  53.   3,000    Devon Down Rock Shelter, South Australia.
  54.   1,800    West Point Midden, Tasmania.
  55.   1,000    Wilgie Mia, weld Range, northern WA.

 

  1. Hallett Cove, South Australia.
  2. Karlie-ngoinpool Cave, Mt. Gambier Region, South Australia
  3. Little Swanport Midden, Tasmania.
  4. Wyrie Swamp, South Australia.

 

 

Pleistocene Dates

Northern Territory
Age Locality
Northern Territory  
61000+9000/-13000 Malakunanja II
52000+7000/-11000 Malakunanja II
18040+/-300 Malakunanja II
60300+/- 6700 Nauwalabila I
58300+/- 5800 Nauwalabila I
53400 +/- 5400 Nauwalabila I
40,000 Carpenter's Gap Rockshelter
30,000 Koolan Shelter 2
30000 +/- 2400 Nauwalabila I
20,000 Mandu Mandu Creek Rock-Shelter
19975 +/-265 Nauwalabila I
18,500 Gum Tree Valley Top
18,000 The Miriwun Rock Shelter
13500 +/- 900 Nauwalabila I
2900 +/- 600 Nauwalabila I
32000 +7000/-9000 Malangangerr
22900 +/- 1000 Malangangerr
22700 +/- 700 Malangangerr
19600 +/- 550 Malangangerr
21450 +/- 380 Nawamoyn
21950 +/- 270 Puritjarra
   
New South Wales & ACT  
   
   
   
   
 

 

Sources & Further reading

  1. Flood, Josephine, 2004, Archaeology of the Dreamtime, JB Publications.
  2. Phillip J. Habgood & Natilie R. Franklin, The revolution that didn't arrive: A review of Pleistocene Sahul, Journal of Human Evolution, 55, 2008

Links

  1. The Tasmanians: Part 8b: Archaeology and the Oldest Tasmanians

 

Author: M. H. Monroe
Email: admin@austhrutime.com
Last updated: 21/10/2016

 

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                                                                                           Author: M.H.Monroe  Email: admin@austhrutime.com     Sources & Further reading